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Helenε DAC

Helene top web


 The Helene is our newst and smallest d/a converter coming out of our labs. Borrowing technology from the Kassandra Series ,and with the addition of some tricks of it's own,we can guarantee that the Helene sets new unreachable marks  for performance vs price ratio.


Descending from Kassandra Series,the converter banks are implemented around a matrix of eight R2R ladder d/ac (per channel),running in parallel.The two independent banks use eight R2R matrixes from the Analog Devices AD1865NK ,in current mode.

These are driven by our custom logic that handle the sync ,data and work buses. The SuperClock technology used in our bigger models is also standard in our Helene dac, negating the use and need of an external aftermarket Word Clock. The USB input is double Recklocked as well as the digital inputs using the internal SuperClocks of the converter.The digital input Reclocker is as before,bypassable on the fly.

The converter uses no data processing,upsampling or oversampling ,data is converted in their native sample rate and bit rate.

Converter banks run in current output ,thus  IV convertion stage quality is detrimental to the SQ.The IV (current to voltage)  stage iis implemented by a special IV transformer with custom ultra high MU core,directly modulating the bias circuits of the analog tube stage.

The analog stage is again borrowed by the bigger models,and is a small SET amplifier,build around the E280F supertube,loaded by a custom special quality output transformer.

The analog stage PSU uses /tube rectification using the GZ34 rectifier, while triple choke/film capacitors provide very low noise voltage rails for the SET amplifier.The tube is biased with triple filtered ultra low noise bias circuits.

Power supplies of the digital and analog sections of the converter system are carefully designed around massive capacitor banks and extensive RF choking filters,distributed in all points of the circuit.

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Output level at 0db:    10V   RCA or XLR (true balanced out)

USB input :                 Max 384Khz 32bit

Digital Input:              Any combination of S/pdif, AES, BNC

Output impedance:   100 ohm

 Weight (unpacked) : 40kg

Helena elevations black Web


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Kassandra II Sig LE

Kassandra Series

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* 24 R2R converters per channel, complimentary current output

(using the top grade AD1865N-K , 12 converters per bank, 24 per channel,48 in total)

* Eight discrete ultra-low-noise regulators

(for the 4 converter banks)

*Extensive local decoupling,using tuned LC filters, 76 in number

*Overengineered power supplies,power input filters



*5 torroidal transformers,over 3Farad total system capacitance,wideband local decoupling

*Pseudo-battery system, for isolating all analog stages from the power grid.


* Transformer I/V conversion

(custom wideband transformers,balanced current to SE voltage conversion)

* Internal Super-Clock

(bypassable on the fly.Separate torroidal transformer,triple regulated supply)

*Transformer loaded super tube output stage

(using the E280F tube. 5:1 step down transformer,double choke filtered supply)

*xenon gas rectifiers for the tube PSUs

*Super-capacitors used in tube analog stage. 100 times less ESR/ESL than any film or electrolytic capacitor.

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- 30Vpp output @ 0db
- Balanced output(standard)
- USB input up to 24/384KHz

- Jitter attenuation down to femptosec level
- Output impendance ~40ohms (balanced output)

Dimensions : 2 chassis  540mmW X 530mmD X 165mmH each

Weight:   120kg total

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Jitter measurement of a typical isochronus USB transport .


This is the jitter present on the word clock of the transport before even the spdif transmission to the dac.

Jitter measurement,present on the wordclock of the converters of Kassandra dac, using the USB transport.


Jitter distribution measurement, of word clock synchonising the 24 converters of the Kassandra DAC, with the internal reclocker enabled, using the same USB converter.


Jitter distribution, after double reclocking of the wordsync clock.

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